Natural Science Institute

Manuscript Preparation

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Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts should be written in English on A4 paper. It is recommended that manuscripts are typed with 11 font letters using MS word (version 2003 or later) or Hangeul (version 2002 or later), 1.5-times spaced with ample margins (generally >2.0 cm) on the top, bottom, left and right sides. All pages of the manuscript should be numbered from the title page.


  • Manuscripts should begin with the title page followed by: abstract; key words; introduction; methods; results; discussion; references; and tables and/or illustrations. The results and discussion sections may be written together.
  • Title Page: The title page should contain the following information: (1) title (less then 100 characters); (2) authors list (first name, middle name, and last name); (3) institutional affiliation(s) of the author(s) (more than one institution can be numerated at the front of the first capital word with superscript 1,2,3, etc); (4) the corresponding author's name, address, telephone, fax number, and e-mail address; (6) running title (less than 50 characters, including spaces)
  • Abstract: Abstract must include the following contents: (1) Purpose; (2) Methods; (3) Results; and (4) Conclusion. A trade name may not be used in the title or abstract. The Abstract length is typically less than 400 words.
  • Key Words: List 5 key words.
  • Text: The body of the manuscript should be written as concisely as possible.
    • Introduction: This provides a background for the study and states the specific purpose of the article.
    • Methods: Methods should be described accurately enough for their successful reproduction.
    • Results: This provides the main results, often in tables and figures.
    • Discussion: This should discuss the novelty as well as the importance of the results.
      If your manuscript is hard to fit in this format like statistics, you can change the format accordingly.
    • References: References should be numbered consecutively in the order of their appearance in the text, using number(s) in brackets, e.g., [1], [1, 2] or [1-3]. They should be listed on a separate sheet under the heading "REFERENCES," and 1.5 spacing. Titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus style, World List of Scientific Periodicals or ISI Journal Abbreviation. When a reference is a personal communication, it cannot be cited in the text. Examples of reference style are the followings; Journal articles: Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996;124:980-983. Book: Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leader-ship skills for nurse. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996. Book chapter: Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-478.
  • Table and Figures: Each table and figure including photograph should be displayed separately. Tables and figures should be described concisely in English and be self-explanatory. Therefore, explanations for the abbreviations and symbols of statistical notations or units used in tables or figures should be included in legends, while only the title of tables is to be located on the table and all the legends to figures are typed below the figures. For footnotes, the following symbols should be used in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ∥, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, etc. Legends to figures can be listed on a separate page. It is to allow for reduction to fit a single column, 8.0 cm wide or at most a double column, 16.0 cm wide. Illustrations, especially photomicrographs, should preferably be submitted in their final size to avoid changes in magnification following size adjustment. Otherwise, insertion of a size bar or indication symbols into the photograph is recommended. Labeling should be of sufficient size to be legible after adjustment to fit the column. Low-quality (lower than 300 dpi resolution) figures, especially photographs, are not acceptable for publication. Authors will be requested for the replacement of low-quality figures with proper original ones prior to publication. Authors should inform the publisher for color prints on the galley proof, which are charged to the author. Please do not draw figures in color to be printed in black and white.
  • Abbreviations: Authors should limit the use of abbreviations to an absolute minimum. Abbreviations are not to be used in titles. Abstracts may contain abbreviations for terms mentioned many times in the abstract section, but each term must be identified in full the first time it is mentioned.
  • Unit of Measurement: Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples. Temperature should be in degrees Celsius. Authors must consult the information for authors for the particular journal and should report laboratory information in both the local and International System of Units (SI). Examples of SI units are as follows : μm, mm, cm, m, μg, mg, g, kg, ㎕, ㎖, ㎗, ℓ, mol, mM, M, ppm, cpm, sec, min, hr, S.D., S.E., s.c., i.c., i.m., i.v., i.p., p.o., etc.
  • Formulas: Only those important formulae that are used often in the paper should be numbered consecutively on the right-hand side of the page. Where the derivation of formulae has been abbreviated, it is of great help to referees if the full derivation can be presented in a supplementary file (not to be published).


  • Review articles are usually solicited by the Editors. However, unsolicited Reviews will also be considered. Authors should contact the Editors in advance to determine the appropriateness of their Review Articles for publication. Unsolicited Reviews will undergo peer review. An Abstract is required and the length of Review articles is limited to 5,000-8,000 words with a maximum of 100 references.


  • The Short Communication should consist of ten or fewer manuscript pages, including Abstract, Key Words, Text, References, Figures and Table Legends. No subdivisions such as Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion are required. The Case Report should consist of an Abstract, Key Words, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion and References. It is not necessary to have a full structured abstract for short communications or case reports. The Abstract length is not more than 150 words. List 4 key words from the list provided in Index Medicus. The text should include less than 3 tables or figures, altogether. The list of the References is not to be more than 15.